Large-Eddy simulation of a turbulent reacting liquid flow

Authors

  • Takenobu Michioka,

    1. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Advanced Research Institute of Fluid Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
    Current affiliation:
    1. Environmental Science Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Abiko, Chiba 270-1194, Japan
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  • Satoru Komori

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Advanced Research Institute of Fluid Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
    • Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Advanced Research Institute of Fluid Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
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Abstract

A subgrid-scale (SGS) model for the filtered reaction source term is presented to develop the large-eddy simulation (LES) of a nonpremixed, turbulent liquid flow with a moderately fast reaction. The SGS model is based on the SGS probability density function (PDF) and SGS conditional expectation. The SGS probability density function (SGS–PDF) is assumed to follow a beta distribution and a simple algebraic model for the SGS conditional expectation is developed using the filtered data obtained from the direct numerical simulation (DNS) of stationary isotropic liquid turbulence with a second-order chemical reaction. For a rapid reaction, the SGS–PDF model based on the conserved scalar is used as the SGS model. The LES based on these SGS models is applied to a liquid mixing layer flow downstream of a turbulence-generating grid with a chemical reaction, and the LES predictions of the mean concentration and concentration variance are directly compared with the previous measurements for both moderately fast and rapid reactions to examine the proposed SGS models. The results show that the predictions by the LES are in good agreement with the measurements and the present LES can well describe the diffusive–reactive process in a turbulent reacting liquid flow. © 2004 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 50: 2705–2720, 2004

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