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Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ ceramic hollow-fiber membranes for oxygen permeation

Authors

  • S. Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
    • ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
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  • X. Tan,

    1. Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, China
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  • Z. Shao,

    1. Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Ministry of Education of China, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009, China
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  • J. C. Diniz da Costa

    1. ARC Centre for Functional Nanomaterials, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia
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Abstract

Self-supported asymmetric hollow-fiber membranes of mixed oxygen-ionic and electronic conducting perovskite Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) were prepared by a combined phase-inversion and sintering technique. The starting inorganic powder was synthesized by combined EDTA–citrate complexing process followed by thermal treatment at 600°C. The powder was dispersed in a polymer solution and then extruded into hollow-fiber precursors through a spinneret. The fiber precursors were sintered at elevated temperatures to form gastight membranes, which were characterized by SEM and gas permeation tests. Performance of the hollow fibers in air separation was both experimentally and theoretically studied at various conditions. The results reveal that the oxygen permeation process was controlled by the slow oxygen surface exchange kinetics under the investigated conditions. The porous inner surface of the prepared perovskite hollow-fiber membranes considerably favored the oxygen permeation. The maximum oxygen flux measured was 0.031 mol·m−2·s−1 at 950°C with the sweep gas flow rate of 0.522 mol·m−2·s−1. To improve the oxygen flux of BSCF perovskite membranes, future work should be focused on surface modification rather than reduction of the membrane thickness. © 2006 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2006

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