Supercritical water oxidation: A technical review

Authors

  • M. D. Bermejo,

    1. High Pressure Process Research Group, Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
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  • M. J. Cocero

    Corresponding author
    1. High Pressure Process Research Group, Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
    • High Pressure Process Research Group, Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain
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Abstract

Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) technology presents important environmental advantages for the treatment of industrial wastes and sludges. The homogeneous reaction that takes place between the oxidizable materials and oxygen, at temperatures and pressures above the critical point of the water (647.3 K and 22.12 MPa), is well known. Specific equations of state for water and aqueous mixtures, gases, and organics have been developed. The process is not having the expected industrial development. Some new plants have been closed by corrosion and operational problems related with high temperature, high pressure, and oxidative atmosphere inside of the equipments. To overcome these technical difficulties more research focused on solving operational problems is necessary. This article presents an overview of the technical aspects of the supercritical water oxidation process. Reactors design, construction materials, corrosion, salts precipitation problems, and industrial applications are discussed. © 2006 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2006

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