Advertisement

Nanostructured photoactive films synthesized by a flame aerosol reactor

Authors

  • Elijah Thimsen,

    1. Aerosol and Air Quality Research Laboratory, Dept. of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Pratim Biswas

    Corresponding author
    1. Aerosol and Air Quality Research Laboratory, Dept. of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130
    • Aerosol and Air Quality Research Laboratory, Dept. of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

A flame aerosol reactor (FLAR) system was used to deposit nanostructured photocatalytic films of titanium dioxide with well controlled morphologies. Nanoparticles were generated in the aerosol phase and then deposited onto a water-cooled substrate via thermophoresis. Two important parameters that influenced film characteristics were the titanium precursor feed rate and substrate temperature, through their effect on particle sintering dynamics on the substrate. The size of the particles as they arrived at the substrate was controlled by varying the titanium precursor feed rate. When the size was below ∼8 nm, sintering was completed in the time available to obtain films with columnar nanostructures. Larger particle sizes resulted in granular, particulate films. The temperature of the substrate was also an important parameter as it controlled the sintering rate and the resultant crystal phase of the film. The thickness of the films was controlled by varying the precursor feed rate and deposition time. The performance of the as-synthesized photocatalytic films was established by measuring the resultant photocurrents. Well sintered columnar morphologies and thicker films (in the range of 40–900 nm) resulted in the largest photocurrents. © 2007 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2007

Ancillary