The effect of CaO sintering on cyclic CO2 capture in energy systems



The importance of calcium-based sorbents, especially natural limestones, for CO2 removal necessitates an investigation into the sorbent decay mechanism. This study starts from pore size distributions for samples from tests under various calcination/carbonation cycling conditions. A sintering model is formulated to describe the cyclic behavior of sorbents during cyclic calcination and carbonation. It explains the similar reversibility shown by sorbents under different test conditions. A balance between shorter cumulative sintering time and higher calcination rates appears to be responsible for the similar degrees of sintering and sorbent reversibility. © 2007 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2007