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Novel mixed conducting SrSc0.05Co0.95O3-δ ceramic membrane for oxygen separation

Authors

  • Pingying Zeng,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
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  • Ran Ran,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
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  • Zhihao Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
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  • Hongxia Gu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
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  • Zongping Shao,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
    • State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, JiangSu 210009, P.R. China
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  • Shaomin Liu

    1. The Australian Research Council (ARC) Center for Functional Nanomaterials, School of Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia
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Abstract

A novel perovskite-type mixed-conducting oxide of SrSc0.05Co0.95O3-δ (SSC) was synthesized by a combined EDTA-citrate complexing method. The 5 mol % of Sc3+ doping into the B-site of SrCoO3-δ (SC) through the sol–gel synthesis effectively stabilized the oxygen vacancy disordered cubic perovskite structure of the oxide, and simultaneously resulted in a substantial increase of the electrical conductivity. The oxide was fabricated into dense ceramic membrane for oxygen separation by pressing/sintering process. The oxygen permeation flux of the SSC membrane and the rate-determination step of the permeation process were investigated between 750 and 900°C. The experimental results demonstrated that SSC is a promising membrane for oxygen separation with ultrahigh permeation fluxes, compared favorably with reported high oxygen semipermeable Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ and SrCo0.8Fe0.2O3-δ membranes under air/helium gradient. At the condition of reduced temperature and low oxygen partial pressure at the sweep side atmosphere, the permeation process was found to be rate-determined mainly by the slow oxygen surface exchange kinetics at the air (feed) side membrane surface based on the single cell oxygen permeation study. The activation energy for the oxygen surface exchange and oxygen bulk diffusion was found to be around 126 kJ mol−1 and ≤62.1 kJ mol−1, respectively. © 2007 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2007

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