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Application of the distributed activation energy model to biomass and biomass constituents devolatilization

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Abstract

In this study, an investigation about the thermal behavior of four different woods was carried out. The distributed activation energy model was applied to study the effect of heating rate on the reaction of single solids. Results obtained were used in the curve prediction of fraction of mass remaining and rate of mass loss vs. temperature at more realistic heating rates. The possible calculation of biomass samples behavior in pyrolysis conditions as the summation of their constituents, lignin, cellulose, and hemi-cellulose is also explored. All the samples show a weak interaction between the constituents which produce slight differences between experimental and calculated behavior. However, differences between experimental and calculated data lower than 2% offer a robust test of the applicability of the model on kinetic studies of a wide range of biomass samples, heating rates, data input format and equipment layout. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2009

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