• zonal modeling;
  • stirred tanks;
  • CFD;
  • mixing


Stirred tank turbulence and fluid flow characteristics are analyzed based on a two-zone model. Instead of using the zonal model for stirred tank performance prediction as often proposed in the literature, the zoning is used here as a tool for mixing analysis. A systematic zoning approach is proposed, where the tank is divided into two nested regions. By gradually increasing the inner zone volume, continuous curves can be obtained for turbulent energy dissipation distribution and pumping numbers between the zones as functions of the zone sizes. It is shown here that these curves can be used as a powerful tool for visualizing stirred tank performance. They can be used, e.g., in impeller performance comparisons and analysis of mixing characteristics with changing rheology, or to examine various numerical aspects related to stirred tank CFD modeling. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2009