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Terminal and transient drop rise velocity of single toluene droplets in water



The knowledge of the drop rise velocity in dispersed systems is of fundamental importance. Especially, the residence time is needed for calculation of mass transfer rates in extraction columns. This work deals with fluid dynamic measurements of toluene droplets rising in water ranging from 1.0 to 7.0 mm, with the premise of high purity of the used chemicals. The toluene/water-system is widely used as a test system with high interfacial tension. A semiempirical correlation for pure systems to predict the terminal velocity of single rising/falling droplets based on experimental data is presented. Results show that a distinction between maximum and characteristic mean values of the drop rise velocity is necessary, especially in the diameter range 2.4–3.0 mm where unexpected velocity fluctuations occur. Two distinct terminal rise velocities were observed for 3 mm droplets. Furthermore, comparisons of the Weber-Reynolds-correlation and the drag coefficient with correlations from literature show good agreement. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2009