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Keywords:

  • Fischer-Tropsch synthesis;
  • supercritical fluids;
  • reaction engineering;
  • cobalt catalyst;
  • iron catalyst;
  • ruthenium catalyst

Abstract

The Fischer Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) reaction has been studied and for nearly a century for the production of fuels and chemicals from nonpetroleum sources. Research and utilization have occurred in both gas phase (fixed bed) and liquid phase (slurry bed) operation. The use of supercritical fluids as the reaction media for FTS (SCF-FTS) now has a 20-year history. Although a great deal of progress in SCF-FTS has been made on the lab scale, this process has yet to be expanded to pilot or industrial scale. This article reviews the research activities involving supercritical FTS and published in open literature from 1989 to 2008. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2010