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Keywords:

  • liquid chromatography;
  • column efficiency;
  • mass transfer kinetics;
  • parking experiments;
  • longitudinal diffusion coefficient;
  • particle diffusivity;
  • total pore blocking experiments;
  • eddy dispersion;
  • transcolumn eddies;
  • soid-liquid mass transfer resistance;
  • film mass transfer;
  • Sherwood number;
  • transparticle mass transfer resistance;
  • porous and nonporous particles

Abstract

The heights equivalent to a theoretical plate of a weakly and strongly retained compounds were measured on two packed columns having different average mesopore sizes. The measurements were carried out in two different cases, with access to the mesopores by the sample molecules blocked (filled with n-nonane) or not. The experimental results demonstrate that the eddy dispersion terms of both columns are significantly smaller for porous than for nonporous particles. Two simultaneous phenomena explain this observation. First, packed columns are radially heterogeneous which causes significant trans-column velocity biases warping the bands. Second, radial dispersion contributes to mass transfer across the column, relaxing the radial concentration gradients that are caused by these velocity biases. The impact of these biases is minimized when the pores of the particles are not blocked; it decreases with increasing residence time and radial dispersion coefficient of the solutes. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2009