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Experimental and numerical research for fluidization behaviors in a gas–solid acoustic fluidized bed

Authors

  • Changqing Cao,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory of Clean Chemical Process, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, P.R. China
    • Key Laboratory of Clean Chemical Process, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, P.R. China
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  • Shuqin Dong,

    1. Key Laboratory of Clean Chemical Process, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, P.R. China
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  • Yanan Zhao,

    1. Key Laboratory of Clean Chemical Process, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, P.R. China
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  • Qingjie Guo

    1. Key Laboratory of Clean Chemical Process, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, P.R. China
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Abstract

The effects of sound assistance on fluidization behaviors were systematically investigated in a gas–solid acoustic fluidized bed. A model modified from Syamlal–O'Brien drag model was established. The original solid momentum equation was developed and an acoustic model was also proposed. The radial particle volume fraction, axial root-mean-square of bed pressure drop, granular temperature, and particle velocity in gas–solid acoustic fluidized bed were simulated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code Fluent 6.2. The results showed that radial particle volume fraction increased using modified drag model compared with that using the original one. Radial particle volume fraction was revealed as a parabolic concentration profile. Axial particle volume fraction decreased with the increasing bed height. The granular temperature increased with increasing sound pressure level. It showed that simulation values using CFD code Fluent 6.2 were in agreement with the experimental data. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2010

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