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Preparation of tailor-made polystyrene nanocomposite with mixed clay-anchored and free chains via atom transfer radical polymerization

Authors

  • Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani,

    1. Dept. of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
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  • Vahid Haddadi-Asl,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
    • Dept. of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mohammad Najafi,

    1. Dept. of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi,

    1. Dept. of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, P.O. Box 15875-4413, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mohammad Najafi,

    1. Polymer Engineering Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), 1485733111, Tehran, Iran
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  • Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi

    1. Polymer Engineering Division, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), 1485733111, Tehran, Iran
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Abstract

Tailor-made polystyrene nanocomposite with mixed free and clay-attached polystyrene chains was synthesized using atom transfer radical polymerization. Vinylbenzyl trimethylammonium chloride having a double bond, which could be incorporated into polystyrene chains by a grafting through process, was used as a nanoclay modifier. Conversion and molecular weight evaluation was carried out using gas chromatography and gel permeation chromatography, respectively. The thermogravimetric analysis results confirmed the elevated thermal stability of the nanocomposites in comparison with the neat polystyrene sample. Additionally, the Tg increases by clay loading was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The difference in the degradation temperature of C[BOND]Br bond in attached and free polystyrene chains was well revealed in DSC thermograms. Finally, a lower clay loading resulted in an exfoliated structure as proved by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy results. © 2010 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2011

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