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Keywords:

  • extraction;
  • cottonseed oil;
  • subcritical water;
  • oil extraction;
  • water as a solvent

Abstract

This work represents the extraction of cottonseed oil using subcritical water. The extraction efficiencies of different range temperatures (180–280°C), having mean particle size range from 3 mm to less than 0.5 mm, water:seed ratios of 0.5:1, 1:1, and 2:1, and extraction times in the range of 5–60 min were all investigated. The composition of the extracted oil, using the subcritical water, was analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography and compared with that extracted using traditional hexane extraction. The results showed that the optimum temperature, mean particle size, water:seed ratio, and extraction time were 270°C, <0.5 mm, 2:1, and 30 min, respectively. In addition the extracted oil was identical to that extracted using the traditional hexane method. © 2010 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2011