Implementation of sustainability drivers in the design of industrial chemical processes

Authors

  • Alessandro Tugnoli,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Mineraria e delle Tecnologie Ambientali, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, via Terracini n.28, Bologna, I-40131, Italy
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  • Francesco Santarelli,

    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Mineraria e delle Tecnologie Ambientali, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, via Terracini n.28, Bologna, I-40131, Italy
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  • Valerio Cozzani

    Corresponding author
    1. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Mineraria e delle Tecnologie Ambientali, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, via Terracini n.28, Bologna, I-40131, Italy
    • Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Mineraria e delle Tecnologie Ambientali, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, via Terracini n.28, Bologna, I-40131, Italy
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

A methodology based on key performance indicators was developed and applied to the design of sustainable industrial processes. The methodology provides a procedure for the definition of a dynamic set of quantitative key performance indicators suitable to capture the environmental, economic and societal impacts of process options, thus, tracing the sustainability footprint of alternatives. The preliminary design of a production plant for cyclohexanone is presented as the leading case in the discussion. The influence of design choices on environmental impact profiles, economic efficiency and inherent safety performance was pointed out. The application evidenced that the definition of appropriate indicators may have an important added value in supporting design activities, both for the correct assessment of alternative options and for the proactive identification of design improvements. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2011

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