Obtaining protein solvent accessible surface area when structural data is unavailable using osmotic pressure

Authors

  • Devin W. Mc Bride,

    1. Dept. of Bioengineering, B2K Group (Biotransport and Bioreaction Kinetics Group), University of California, Riverside, CA 92521
    Search for more papers by this author
  • V. G. J. Rodgers

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Bioengineering, B2K Group (Biotransport and Bioreaction Kinetics Group), University of California, Riverside, CA 92521
    • Dept. of Bioengineering, B2K Group (Biotransport and Bioreaction Kinetics Group), University of California, Riverside, CA 92521
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Here, we provide an algorithm that predicts solvent accessible surface area (SASA) using concentrated solution osmotic pressure data. Sheep hemoglobin monomer and β-lactoglobulin are used for verification. Additionally, SASA for structurally unknown calf lens α-crystallin aggregate is predicted. Using osmotic pressure data, the predicted SASA value for sheep hemoglobin, 22,398 ± 1,244 Å2, was in excellent agreement with computational model predictions (24,304 Å2-26,100 Å2). Similarly, predicted SASA values for bovine β-lactoglobulin in pH solutions of pH 5.1, 6.0, and 8.0, were 5,765 ± 1,031 Å2, 6,656 ± 1,082 Å2, and 9,141 ± 1,060 Å2, respectively, were in good agreement with the computationally determined SASA value (7,500 Å2–8,628 Å2). Predicted SASA for the aggregate of calf lens α-crystallin (800 kDa) was found to be 417,691 ± 16,790 Å2. These results illustrate that this novel method can provide an important experimental alternative in estimating SASA for proteins and, possibly, their complexes in solution. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2012

Ancillary