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Keywords:

  • sol-gel method;
  • membrane;
  • amorphous silica;
  • gas permeation;
  • CO2 separation

Abstract

The sol-gel method was applied in the fabrication of homogenous polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (HOMO-POSS)-derived silica membranes. Single gas permeation characteristics in a temperature range of 100–500°C were examined to discuss the effect of silica precursor on amorphous silica networks. HOMO-POSS-derived membranes showed a CO2 permeance of 1.1 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 with a CO2/CH4 permeance ratio of 131 at 100°C, which is a superior CO2/CH4 separation performance by comparison with tetraethoxysilane (TEOS)-derived silica membranes. Normalized Knudsen-based permeance (NKP) was applied for quantitative evaluation of pore size. HOMO-POSS-derived membranes had loose amorphous silica structures compared to TEOS-derived membranes and pore size was successfully tuned by changing the calcination temperatures. The activation energy for a HOMO-POSS-derived membrane fired at 550°C with a uniform pore size of ∼ 0.42 nm increased linearly with the ratio of the kinetic diameter of the gas molecule to the pore diameter, λ (=dk/dp), and showed a trend similar to that of DDR-type zeolite membranes. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 58: 1733–1743, 2012