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Keywords:

  • pyramid-surface TiO2/Ti electrode;
  • rotating disk photoelectrocatalytic (PEC);
  • reactor;
  • rhodamine B

Abstract

A series of pyramid-surface TiO2/Ti electrodes were proposed, fabricated, and used in a rotating disk photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) reactor to treat rhodamine B (RB) solution. Compared with conventional planar electrode, pyramid-surface electrode exhibited much lower light reflectivity, larger photocurrent, and better treatment efficiency. For samples containing 20 to 150 mg L−1 RB, 100– 98% color removal, and 87–30% COD removal were obtained in 150 min using 1/3 (h/w) pyramid-surface electrode, much higher than 98–77% and 48–9% obtained by a conventional planer electrode. The excellent treatment performance attributed to two major reasons: (a) enhanced light harvest resulted from multiple reflections of irradiation light on the pyramid-surface, and (b) enlarged electrode surface area enabling the electrode to carry more TiO2 catalyst and pollutants for treatment. Experimental results also showed that the pyramid-surface electrode consumed less power and exhibited superior performance when treating high concentration wastewater. © 2011 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 58: 2448–2455, 2012