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Mechanistic insights into methanol-to-olefin reaction on an α-Mn2O3 nanocrystal catalyst

Authors

  • Jing Xu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Like Ouyang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Yan Luo,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Xi-Meng Xu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Zhen Yang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Chengxi Zhang,

    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
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  • Jinlong Gong,

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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  • Yi-Fan Han

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
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Abstract

The synthesis and utilization of an α-Mn2O3 nanocrystal catalyst for methanol-to-olefin reaction is described. A methanol conversion of 35% and a maximum selectivity of 80% toward ethylene were obtained at 250°C. In particular, formaldehyde, a primary intermediate for the reaction, was used to produce ethylene via a coupling reaction. A conversion of 45% and a selectivity of 66% to ethylene were achieved at 150°C in a formaldehyde stream. In situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectra reveal the formation of the surface CH2-containing species during reaction, which implies that the main pathway for formaldehyde coupling is probably through interactions of those intermediates. In addition, the weakly adsorbed oxygen on the α-Mn2O3 nanocrystal surface was found to play an important role in this reaction. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2012

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