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Keywords:

  • longitudinal dispersion;
  • transverse dispersion;
  • dispersion;
  • packed beds;
  • mass transfer

The longitudinal (DL) and transverse (DT) dispersion coefficients in two-dimensional (2-D) randomly packed beds of circular particles in a laminar flow regime are derived. A 2-D discrete system of particles is divided into cells using modified Voronoi diagrams. The relationship between the variation of the stream function and the averaged vorticity is obtained from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. The whole flow pattern is then obtained by using the principle of energy dissipation rate minimization. The obtained values of DL agree well with 3-D experimental data for all velocities investigated. At very high velocities, DT in 2-D appears to be higher than 3-D experimental data. In addition, the effects of particle-size distributions, packing structure, and porosity on the DL and DT were studied. One result was that an increase in the width of the particle-size distribution resulted in higher values of DL and DT at high velocities. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 1002–1011, 2013