On the fluid dynamics of shaken bioreactors— flow characterization and transition


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to A. Ducci at a.ducci@ucl.ac.uk.


Phase-resolved PIV measurements were carried out to provide a thorough characterization of the flow and mixing dynamics occurring in a cylindrical shaken bioreactor when operating conditions such as medium height h, shaking rotational speed N, orbital shaking diameter do, and cylinder inner diameter di, are varied. A scaling law based on the aspect ratio h/di, on the orbital to cylinder diameter ratio do/di, and on the Froude number Fr = 2(πN)2do/g, is derived to predict the incipience of flow transition occurring when the free surface orientation starts to exhibit a phase delay to the shaker table position along its orbit; depending on the combination of Fr, do/di and h/di the transport phenomena in the bioreactor are controlled by a horizontal toroidal vortex, or by a vertical one precessing around the cylinder axis. The free surface interfacial area was directly measured by image analysis to assess oxygen transfer potential and compared to an analytical solution valid for low Fr. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 334–344, 2013