High yield production and purification of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

Authors

  • Jianjian Wang,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jiawen Ren,

    Corresponding author
    • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Xiaohui Liu,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Guanzhong Lu,

    1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Yanqin Wang

    Corresponding author
    • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry and Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China
    Search for more papers by this author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to J. Ren or Y. Wang at cutecube@ecust.edu.cn or

wangyanqin@ecust.edu.cn

Abstract

Conversion of carbohydrates to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) will provide a new step toward achieving renewable biomass-based chemicals and fuels platform. Recently, the excellent yield of HMF (91.0%) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) catalyzed by sulfonated carbon was demonstrated, but the separation of HMF from the reaction mixture remains challenging because of the high boiling point of DMSO. As a solution, herein, low boiling point solvent tetrahydrofuran (THF) mixed with DMSO was used for the fructose dehydration and high yield of HMF (98.0%) was still obtained. Besides, the stability of the sulfonated carbonaceous catalyst was also confirmed. More importantly, HMF from the reaction solution was successfully separated by using simple extraction method, and high purity of HMF (ca. 96.4%) was obtained. Compared with pure DMSO solvent, the combination of low boiling point THF with DMSO not only gives higher yield of HMF, but also improves the separation efficiency and reduces environmental risk. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 2558–2566, 2013

Ancillary