• multiphase batch process;
  • multiway independent component analysis mixture model;
  • mutual information;
  • non-Gaussian contribution index;
  • fault detection;
  • fault diagnosis

Batch process monitoring is a challenging task, because conventional methods are not well suited to handle the inherent multiphase operation. In this study, a novel multiway independent component analysis (MICA) mixture model and mutual information based fault detection and diagnosis approach is proposed. The multiple operating phases in batch processes are characterized by non-Gaussian independent component mixture models. Then, the posterior probability of the monitored sample is maximized to identify the operating phase that the sample belongs to, and, thus, the localized MICA model is developed for process fault detection. Moreover, the detected faulty samples are projected onto the residual subspace, and the mutual information based non-Gaussian contribution index is established to evaluate the statistical dependency between the projection and the measurement along each process variable. Such contribution index is used to diagnose the major faulty variables responsible for process abnormalities. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated using the fed-batch penicillin fermentation process, and the results are compared to those of the multiway principal component analysis mixture model and regular MICA method. The case study demonstrates that the proposed approach is able to detect the abnormal events over different phases as well as diagnose the faulty variables with high accuracy. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 2761–2779, 2013