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Keywords:

  • computational fluid dynamics;
  • fluidized bed;
  • gas–solids flow;
  • boundary condition;
  • granular flow;
  • two-fluid model

Wall boundary conditions for the solids phase have significant effects on numerical predictions of various gas–solids fluidized beds. Several models for the granular flow wall boundary condition are available in the open literature for numerical modeling of gas–solids flow. A model for specularity coefficient used in Johnson and Jackson boundary conditions by Li and Benyahia (Li and Benyahia, AIChE J. 2012;58:2058–2068) is implemented in the open-source CFD code-MFIX. The variable specularity coefficient model provides a physical way to calculate the specularity coefficient needed by the partial-slip boundary conditions for the solids phase. Through a series of two-dimensional numerical simulations of bubbling fluidized bed and circulating fluidized bed riser, the model predicts qualitatively consistent trends to the previous studies. Furthermore, a quantitative comparison is conducted between numerical results of variable and constant specularity coefficients to investigate the effect of spatial and temporal variations in specularity coefficient. Published 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 3624–3632, 2013