• ionic liquid;
  • supercritical CO2;
  • phase behavior;
  • cubic equation of state;
  • thermodynamic consistency test

Various models have been applied composed of the Peng-Robinson equation of state (PR-EoS) and the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state (SRK-EoS) associated with three mixing rules including the following: Wong-Sandler (WS), van der Waals one (vdW1), and van der Waals two (vdW2) for phase behavior modeling of mixtures of supercritical CO2 + different ionic liquids in vapor–liquid equilibrium (VLE) region. It has been found that the PR EoS implying the WS mixing rule can be used as a reliable thermodynamic model to perform a thermodynamic consistency test on the experimental data of phase behaviors of the supercritical CO2 + ionic liquid systems (19 commonly-used ionic liquids have been studied). The results show that 40% of the experimental data seem to be thermodynamically consistent, 55.5% seem to be thermodynamically inconsistent, and 4.5% seem to be not fully consistent. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 59: 3892–3913, 2013