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Keywords:

  • particulate flows;
  • experimental solids transport database;
  • solid transport model evaluation

We determined and fine-tuned the solids transport models appropriate for predicting the single-phase carrier fluid velocity to transport solid particles in conduits for horizontal, low concentration flow. A database with 538 experimental data points was compiled. A literature review was performed to determine the data ranges, forces, and mechanisms used to develop 44 models, and their velocity predictions were compared against the database using statistics. Using the dimensionless forms of the models and the data, the model parameters were adjusted to improve their accuracy and identify the dominant forces. At low concentrations: for liquid/solid flow from a bed of solids and gas/solid flow from the bottom of pipelines, the particle weight, and inertial and viscous forces dominate; for gas/solid flow from a bed of solids, the particle weight, and inertial, viscous, and adhesive forces play a role; and gaps exist in the data for large-diameter pipes and high-density gases. © 2013 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 60: 76–122, 2014