Reaction performance of isobutane alkylation catalyzed by a composite ionic liquid at a short contact time



Alkylate is an important clean blending component of gasoline due to the increased statutory reduction of the content of aromatics and olefins in commercial gasoline. The alkylation of isobutane with 2-butene catalyzed by a composite ionic liquid was investigated. The composite ionic liquid showed efficient catalytic performance at a short contact time (10–60 s). The optimal conditions were: reaction temperature 15°C, contact time 20 s, ionic liquid to hydrocarbon volume ratio 1:1, and isobutane to olefin mole ratio 54:1. Under these optimal reaction conditions, the butene conversion was 100%, the yields of C8 and trimethylpentanes were 88.9 and 82.0%, respectively, the ratio of trimethylpentane to dimethylhexane was 11.9, and the alkylate research octane number (RON) was 97.3. A correlation model is developed to predict the product yields and the alkylate RON. The correlation model shows a low calculation error. © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 60: 2244–2253, 2014