• slag;
  • capillary breakup;
  • surface tension;
  • droplet formation;
  • jet

The experiments on the capillary breakup of slag jets at high temperatures are presented in this article. The impact of external excitations on the disintegration process was investigated in a furnace with optical access filmed at frame rates up to 10,000 fps. A synthetic calcia-alumina slag was used to form jets at different temperatures (1570–1660°C) and jet velocities (0.6–1.4 ms−1). The impact of external vibration on the breakup was evident: for low jet velocities, the jet length decreased, the droplet size increased, satellite droplet formation was hindered, and a distinct “pumping mechanism” was observed. For jets with higher velocity, the jet length decreased by 30%, the droplet generation frequency increased from 20 to 250 droplets per second, the drop sizes were uniform, and satellite formation was also suppressed. In this case, the ideal case in which the volume of one wave instability forms one droplet was achieved. © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 60: 3350–3361, 2014