Diffusion of gases in electrolytic solutions



Measurements of the diffusion coefficients of hydrogen and methane in strong aqueous electrolytes have been made with the use of the diaphragm cell method. The variation of the diffusion coefficients with electrolyte concentration, type of ion, and temperature has been studied over the electrolyte concentration range zero to saturated, and for temperatures in the range 25° to 65°C.

The results have been interpreted with the Eyring rate theory. The presence of ions in water increases the activation energy for diffusion which results in a decrease in the diffusion coefficient. The increase in activation energy is represented by terms that are additive for the ions involved. The influence of ions on the diffusion coefficient increases rapidly with ionic charge, but seems to be little affected by temperature or solute for the systems studied.