Base film over which roll waves propagate



The liquid that moves along the duct walls in the annular regime observed in gas-liquid flows often consists of a series of flow surges (roll waves) moving over a thin liquid film (base film). At a given gas velocity there is a critical flow rate of the liquid below which roll waves are not present. Measurements of the height and wall stress are presented to support the notion that the conditions in the base film are close to those which exist at the critical liquid flow rate.