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Abstract

The design of an experimental cocurrent spray dryer and its method of operation are described. The rationale for the development of some new measurement techniques and modifications to existing ones is discussed. These techniques were used to obtain profiles at several dryer levels of the air velocity, air humidity, and spray mass velocity for the case of a 30% sodium nitrate solution sprayed into 100°C. air. Somewhat less detailed measurements of the spray moisture and radial turbulent diffusivity were also made.

The humidity and spray moisture measurements gave very nearly identical results for the progress of the evaporation along the length of the dryer. The axial injection of the spray was found to result in steep gradients for the air velocity, air humidity, and salt mass velocity but these were found to decay under the influence of turbulent mixing which is also generated by the spray injection.