Nonisothermal laminar contracted flow

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Abstract

Temperature and velocity profiles and pressure losses were computed for laminar, temperature-dependent Newtonian flow from a stream tube through an abrupt contraction into and through the entrance region of a smaller coaxial tube, in which the fluid was cooled or heated at constant wall temperature. The equations of motion and energy, including axial diffusion and viscous dissipation, were solved numerically for diameter ratios of one and two, a practical temperature range, and NPe and NRe up to 100. Entrance temperatures and velocities are far from uniform, and pressure losses are greater than those computed using simplified equations and uniform entrance temperatures and velocities.

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