Vapor-liquid equilibrium calculations for concentrated polymer solutions



The free-volume theory of polymer solutions initiated by Prigogine and developed by Flory and Patterson is reduced to practice. This theory, which represents a substantial improvement over the older theory of Flory and Huggins, facilitates calculation of solvent activities in polymer solutions from a minimum of experimental binary data. However, it is necessary to characterize each pure component with three molecular parameters which can be obtained from PVT data; such data, unfortunately, are often unavailable. Nevertheless, using reasonable approximations based on Bondi's correlations as needed, molecular parameters are given for 22 solvents and for 16 polymers. Binary parameters are given for 20 systems. Illustrative examples are presented.