The turbulent diffusion mechanism of particles in a round air jet are studied both theoretically and experimentally, with particular attention to the relative velocity between particles and fluid, overshooting effect of particles, and the distributions of fluid properties in space. The results indicate that the particle diffusivity decreases with the increase of the particle inertia. In general, the turbulent diffusivity of particles in an air jet is smaller than that of fluid scalar quantities. The particle inertia and the fluid large eddies, which are expressed by the Stokes number and the integral scale, respectively, play an important role in the transport mechanism of particles.
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