Nonisothermal gas absorption with chemical reaction

Authors

  • Satoru Asai,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture, Sakai, Osaka, Japan
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture, Sakai, Osaka, Japan
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  • O. E. Potter,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture, Sakai, Osaka, Japan
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia
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  • Haruo Hikita

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Osaka Prefecture, Sakai, Osaka, Japan
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Abstract

The temperature rise at a gas-liquid interface due to heat evolution and the relevant enhancement factor for gas absorption rate are analyzed for absorption, with an instantaneous irreversible reaction and with a first-order irreversible reaction allowing for the temperature dependence of the major physicochemical properties. The analysis reveals that, unlike isothermal absorption, the film theory solutions with the replacement of any system parameters do not give a reasonable approximation to the realistic penetration theory solution, except in the case of the physical absorption regime. However, the modified Danckwerts analysis, in which the physicochemical properties are evaluated at the time-averaged interface temperature, is shown to be useful in obtaining the approximate penetration theory solutions with satisfactory accuracy.

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