A mathematical model is developed to simulate the drying of hygroscopic porous media and, in particular, of wood. Drying rate experiments were performed using wood specimens and a nonhygroscopic porous ceramic solid and were simulated using the appropriate version of the drying model. Calculated model predictions are in very satisfactory agreement with experimental results. An examination of the relative impacts on drying of the transport mechanisms that comprise the model leads to meaningful interpretations of observed drying behavior. Controlling rate factors can be identified and different types of drying behavior specific to a given material or drying condition can be explained and understood through model simulation studies. Such capability can provide important guidance for drying process design and control.
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