Studies in the heat integration of chemical process plants

Authors

  • Murali Viswanathan,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139
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  • L. B. Evans

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139
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Abstract

A method for solving the problem of heat exchanger network synthesis in chemical process plants is presented based on the use of the out-of-kilter algorithm. The method represents an extension of previous approaches based on network flow problem formulations. A new approach to overcome the constraints in forbidden-match problems, termed the dual stream approach, has been developed based on the use of a stream as both a hot and a cold stream. This approach results in considerable savings in utility costs in certain forbidden-match problems. An algorithm to deal with heating or cooling utilities that undergo temperature changes, termed non-point-temperature utilities, is presented using the transshipment model. The new algorithm determines the utility mass flow rates and pinch points accurately.

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