Particle dispersion in a two-dimensional mixing layer is analyzed numerically by calculating the particle trajectories in a free shear layer simulated by discrete vortices. Important global and local flow quantities reported in experimental measurements are reasonably simulated.
The particle dispersion results demonstrate that the extent of particle dispersion depends strongly on the Stokes number St, the ratio of particle aerodynamic response time to the characteristic time of the mixing layer flow. Particles with relatively small St values are dispersed at approximately the fluid dispersion rate. Particles with large St values are dispersed at a rate that is less than the fluid rate. Particles with intermediate values of St may get flung outside of the vortex structures in the mixing layer and therefore get dispersed at a higher rate than the fluid. This result is in agreement with some previous experiments in plane and axisymmetric jets. It is also found that a higher dispersion rate is associated with the particles introduced to the flow from the low-speed side and from near the middle of the mixing layer.
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