Catalyst regeneration kinetics in the presence of pore blockage



A model is developed for fluid-solid reaction kinetics in a porous solid. The model is based on a convergent-divergent pore structure and accounts for pore blockage and inside cavities. A numerical study applied the model to the process of coke removal for catalyst regeneration. The calculated results show that in the presence of pore occlusion, the reaction rates are significantly reduced at the beginning of reaction. At higher levels of coke loading the reaction behavior can be especially affected by the volume fraction of the divergent pores. This behavior can be used to select catalysts with pore structures that improve control of the regeneration process.