Numerical calculation of particle-laden gas flows past tubes

Authors

  • M. J. Schuh,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
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  • C. A. Schuler,

    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
    Current affiliation:
    1. Astron Research and Engineering, 130 Kifer Court, Sunnyvale, CA 94086
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  • J. A. C. Humphrey

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720
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Abstract

A numerical study has been conducted for the flow of a dilute particleladen gas moving past one or more tubes undergoing erosion. A nonor-thogonal body-fitted coordinate system was used to calculate three tube configurations for laminar and turbulent flow regimes. The assumption of one-way coupling allows the calculation of individual particle velocities from the fluid flow field. The significant effects of turbulent velocity fluctuations are taken into account by means of the stochastic separated flow model. The particle flow field information is then used to predict circumferential distributions of particle flux and erosion. Predictions of trajectories for the case of two in-line tubes show that particles with inertia numbers λ > 1 will strike many tubes in a tube bank due to particle rebounding from tube surfaces. By contrast, particles with λ < 1 are entrained in the bulk flow between tubes. In general, the effect of increasing the particle-gas suspension temperature is to couple the particle-fluid motion more closely through viscous drag and, thus, to decrease erosion.

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