Kinetics of nucleation from aqueous solution



Homogeneous nucleation is achieved in aqueous systems by creating adequately high levels of supersaturations. This process can be fully described by considering depletion of supersaturation due to simultaneous growth of the nuclei. Nielsen (1964) formulated this by integrating the growth kinetics with classical nucleation theory. This paper uses his combined nucleation-growth approach, as well as more recently developed mechanisms of adding monomers to developing nuclei (Chiang et al., 1988). The experimental data considered suggest that the systems fall into two categories: one involving the same mechanism for nucleation and growth and the other involving different mechanisms. A dimensionless parameter which evolves in the development permits the comparison of the rate of nuclei formation with that of nuclei growth. The inferences from this approach suggest further that the surface energy parameter is an indicator of the category to which a solution system belongs.