Mean velocity field relative to a Rushton turbine blade

Authors

  • Carl M. Stoots,

    1. Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742
    Current affiliation:
    1. Idaho national engineering laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho falls, ID 83415
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  • Richard V. Calabrese

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742
    • Dept. of Chemical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742
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Abstract

The 3-D flow field relative to a rotating Rushton turbine blade is acquired for fully turbulent tank conditions by synchronizing LDA measurements with the output of a shaft-mounted encoder. This makes it possible to capture the impeller stream velocity field, including the details of the voritices behind the blades. Mean velocity data at three impeller speeds show the extent of periodicity and the axes and structure of the vortices. Pumping capacities are determined and it is shown that the radial jet is a consequence of fluid entrainment into the vortices. Deformation rates based on gradients of mean velocity are calculated. Close to the blade they can exceed impeller rotational frequency by as much as two orders of magnitude. To a first approximation, the normalized mean flow field is independent of impeller speed.

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