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Abstract

A laser-Doppler velocimetry (LDV) apparatus and a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) software package (FLUENT) were used to experimentally determine and numerically predict the velocities in a baffled vessel agitated by one or two 45° pitched-blade turbines. The flow characteristics in the impeller regions were measured by LDV and used as boundary conditions in the numerical computations. Turbulence effects were simulated using either the k-ε model or algebraic stress model (ASM). The CFD predictions were compared to the LDV measurements in terms of average velocities in all three directions as well as turbulent kinetic energies. Predictions based on ASM were typically in closer agreement with the experimental data than those based on the k-ε model. Flow patterns in both configurations were dominated by the axial and tangential components. The presence of the upper impeller altered the flow considerably, producing a strong vertical recirculation pattern between the impellers and significantly reducing the circulation flow below the lower impeller.