Formation of particle agglomerates after switching fluidizing gases

Authors

  • Takami Kai,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890, Japan
    • Dept. of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890, Japan
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  • Takeshige Takahashi

    1. Dept. of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima 890, Japan
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Abstract

When a fluidizing gas is switched from a low-density gas to a high-density gas, particles in the emulsion phase agglomerate and bubbles disappear. At the same time, channeling occurs and a decrease in the pressure drop over the bed is observed. The disturbance of fluidization is temporary, and normal fluidization is restored after several minutes. The study of mechanisms of the transient phenomena shows that the difference in diffusion rates of the two gases in the emulsion phase caused the agglomeration of particles. Because the mobility of particles was reduced, channels were formed and the fluidizing gas bypassed through them. Effects of the properties of the fluidizing gases and particles on the intensity of the transient phenomena were also studied. The intensity increased with increasing difference in the densities of the two gases. The transient phenomena were considerable for small- and light-particle systems.

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