Temperature profiles in the continuous-flow reactor with a fixed bed placed in a nonuniform microwave field are predicted by considering specific on – off regulation of the microwave power and local distribution of the electric-field intensity. The spatial and temperature dependence of the electric-field intensity affects the heating appreciably, as shown by indirect measurements. Results of numerical calculations agree with experimental data of outlet temperature and explain temperature oscillations in the outlet flow. The model developed allows an accurate description of microwave heating in the continuous-flow reactor associated with specific regulation of microwave power. The hydrolysis of sucrose catalyzed by the strongly acidic cation-exchange resin Amberlite 200C in R-H form was chosen as the reaction system. Calculated conversions of sucrose based on predicted temperature profiles agree with experimental data.