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Abstract

The turbulence structure of the liquid phase near a wavy gas-liquid interface in stratified flow was experimentally investigated in a 50 mm (H) × 100 mm (W) rectangular duct. The characteristic parameters of the organized motion under the liquid waves such as the frequency of appearance and length scale were estimated by using the variable-interval time-averaging and the photochromic dye activation techniques. These characteristics were used in a hybrid surface renewal-eddy cell model to predict the interfacial heat- and mass-transfer coefficients in stratified two-phase flow. The predictions for cocurrent and countercurrent flows agreed reasonably well with experimental data available in the literature.