Lumen mass transfer in hollow-fiber membrane processes with nonlinear boundary conditions

Authors

  • Yingjie Qin,

    1. Laboratório de Engenharia Bioquímica, Centro de Engenharia Biológia e Química, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1000 Lisboa, Portugal
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  • Joaquim M. S. Cabral

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratório de Engenharia Bioquímica, Centro de Engenharia Biológia e Química, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1000 Lisboa, Portugal
    • Laboratório de Engenharia Bioquímica, Centro de Engenharia Biológia e Química, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1000 Lisboa, Portugal
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Abstract

Hollow-fiber membrane separation or reaction processes, with a nonlinear boundary condition at the lumen interface, are analyzed numerically. Sixteen different nonlinear boundaly conditions in the literature were simplified to four dimensionless boundary conditions, in which only two parameters are needed to incorporate the effect on mass transport of membrane and shell resistances, lumen inlet Concentration, shell concentration, phase and/or chemical equilibria, and interface reaction kinetics. The lumen mass-transfer coefjicients were obtained by solving the continuity mass-conservation equation with the corresponding boundary conditions. The calculated results demonstrate that the lumen mass-transfer coefjicient is a function of lumen-inlet concentration and shell concentration, as opposed to the case when a linear boundary condition occurs at the lumen interface. By using the empirical correlations of the lumen local mass-transfer coefjicient, an ordina ry differential equation substituting a partial differential equation can be applied to obtain the lumen dimensionless mixed-cup concentration with an absolute error of less than 0.005 in most cases, thus making it possible to design and evaluate the hollow-fiber membrane separation or reaction processes.

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