Modeling for simulation of fluidized-bed incineration process



A mathematical model for the fluidized-bed incineration process was developed using the waste composed of wood, cardboard and polyvinyl chloride. It is based on heat and mass balances of the gas held within the five zones representing both the bubbling bed and freeboard and including heat transfer with sand and reacting particles of char (pyrolysis residue). The mixture fraction concept and assumption of chemical equilibrium are used to compute temperature and species concentration fields resulting from volatile combustion. These fields are affected by char combustion, which relies, in turn, on a model based on surface reaction and a full population balance. The formation of pollutants (NOx, SOx ) was also taken into account. The main steps involved by the numerical resolution of the model are discussed, and some results are shown for a 1 MW unit.