Mechanics of column beds: I. Acquisition of the relevant parameters

Authors

  • Bee Gaik Yew,

    1. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996
    2. Div. of Chemical Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831
    Current affiliation:
    1. GZA GeoEnvironmental Inc., One Edgewater, Drive, Norwood, MA, 02062
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  • Eric C. Drumm,

    1. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996
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  • Georges Guiochon

    Corresponding author
    1. Div. of Chemical Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831
    2. Dept. of Chemistry, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996
    • Div. of Chemical Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 and Dept. of Chemistry, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996
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Abstract

The efficiency of chromatographic columns is adversely affected by large-scale radial variations of the packing density or void ratio of the material used to prepare the bed. This heterogeneity is due to wall friction effects that take place during the preparation of the column and to seepage effects operating during the packing process and the subsequent operation of the column. The dependence of the bed's void fraction on the stress applied during its consolidation was determined, as well as its permeability at various stages of the consolidation process and the coefficient of friction between typical packing materials and the stainless steel wall of chromatographic columns. These results are required to develop and use numerical models of the volumetric response to axial compression of the bed and models of the coupled mechanical-seepage rheology of particulate materials.

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