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Abstract

Four stages of development can be recognized in the histogenesis of the human telencephalic choroid plexus. Division into stages is based on alterations of outline of the plexus, characteristic appearance and biochemical content of the epithelial cells, and the components of the stroma. The stages are less distinctive in the myelencephalic and diencephalic plexus where differentiation is accomplished sooner than in the telencephalic plexus. Neuroepithelial-lined tubules are common in the choroid plexus, and are formed by folding of choroidal epithelium into the stroma. Some tubules are large enough to be designated as incipient neuroepithelial (colloid) cysts. Cysts having only connective tissue walls are also present. The choroidal epithelial cells proliferate focally, stratify and desquamate into intervillous clefts, or flow into the stroma by disruption of the epithelial basement membrane or tubular wall. These findings are confirmed by use of serial sections. The size of the developing telencephalic plexus relative to the ventricular system is small at first, then large, occupying almost the entire telencephalon, but gradually decreases during development. Glycogen is prominent in developing choroidal epithelial cells, but disappears in the mature plexus. Both epithelial and mesenchymal mucin and muco-polysaccharides are identified in the plexus. The paraphysis is re-emphasized as an extraventricular choroid plexus on the basis of a common neuroepithelial origin. It is rudimentary and inconstant in man.